bandSparse {Matrix} R Documentation

## Construct Sparse Banded Matrix from (Sup-/Super-) Diagonals

### Description

Construct a sparse banded matrix by specifying its non-zero sup- and super-diagonals.

### Usage

```bandSparse(n, m = n, k, diagonals, symmetric = FALSE, giveCsparse = TRUE)
```

### Arguments

 `n,m` the matrix dimension (n,m) = (nrow, ncol). `k` integer vector of “diagonal numbers”, with identical meaning as in `band(*, k)`, i.e., relative to the main diagonal, which is `k=0`. `diagonals` optional list of sub-/super- diagonals; if missing, the result will be a pattern matrix, i.e., inheriting from class `nMatrix`. `diagonals` can also be n' x d matrix, where `d <- length(k)` and n' >= min(n,m). In that case, the sub-/super- diagonals are taken from the columns of `diagonals`, where only the first several rows will be used (typically) for off-diagonals. `symmetric` logical; if true the result will be symmetric (inheriting from class `symmetricMatrix`) and only the upper or lower triangle must be specified (via `k` and `diagonals`). `giveCsparse` logical indicating if the result should be a `CsparseMatrix` or a `TsparseMatrix`. The default, `TRUE` is very often more efficient subsequently, but not always.

### Value

a sparse matrix (of `class` `CsparseMatrix`) of dimension n x m with diagonal “bands” as specified.

`band`, for extraction of matrix bands; `bdiag`, `diag`, `sparseMatrix`, `Matrix`.

### Examples

```diags <- list(1:30, 10*(1:20), 100*(1:20))
s1 <- bandSparse(13, k = -c(0:2, 6), diag = c(diags, diags[2]), symm=TRUE)
s1
s2 <- bandSparse(13, k =  c(0:2, 6), diag = c(diags, diags[2]), symm=TRUE)
stopifnot(identical(s1, t(s2)), is(s1,"dsCMatrix"))

## a pattern Matrix of *full* (sub-)diagonals:
bk <- c(0:4, 7,9)
(s3 <- bandSparse(30, k = bk, symm = TRUE))

## If you want a pattern matrix, but with "sparse"-diagonals,
## you currently need to go via logical sparse:
lLis <- lapply(list(rpois(20, 2), rpois(20,1), rpois(20,3))[c(1:3,2:3,3:2)],
as.logical)
(s4 <- bandSparse(20, k = bk, symm = TRUE, diag = lLis))
(s4. <- as(drop0(s4), "nsparseMatrix"))

n <- 1e4
bk <- c(0:5, 7,11)
bMat <- matrix(1:8, n, 8, byrow=TRUE)
bLis <- as.data.frame(bMat)
B  <- bandSparse(n, k = bk, diag = bLis)
Bs <- bandSparse(n, k = bk, diag = bLis, symmetric=TRUE)
B [1:15, 1:30]
Bs[1:15, 1:30]
## can use a list *or* a matrix for specifying the diagonals:
stopifnot(identical(B,  bandSparse(n, k = bk, diag = bMat)),
identical(Bs, bandSparse(n, k = bk, diag = bMat, symmetric=TRUE))
, inherits(B, "dtCMatrix") # triangular!
)
```

[Package Matrix version 1.2-17 Index]