in.out {mgcv} R Documentation

## Which of a set of points lie within a polygon defined region

### Description

Tests whether each of a set of points lie within a region defined by one or more (possibly nested) polygons. Points count as ‘inside’ if they are interior to an odd number of polygons.

### Usage

```in.out(bnd,x)
```

### Arguments

 `bnd` A two column matrix, the rows of which define the vertices of polygons defining the boundary of a region. Different polygons should be separated by an `NA` row, and the polygons are assumed closed. `x` A two column matrix. Each row is a point to test for inclusion in the region defined by `bnd`.

### Details

The algorithm works by counting boundary crossings (using compiled C code).

### Value

A logical vector of length `nrow(x)`. `TRUE` if the corresponding row of `x` is inside the boundary and `FALSE` otherwise.

### Author(s)

Simon N. Wood simon.wood@r-project.org

### Examples

```library(mgcv)
data(columb.polys)
bnd <- columb.polys[[2]]
plot(bnd,type="n")
polygon(bnd)
x <- seq(7.9,8.7,length=20)
y <- seq(13.7,14.3,length=20)
gr <- as.matrix(expand.grid(x,y))
inside <- in.out(bnd,gr)
points(gr,col=as.numeric(inside)+1)
```

[Package mgcv version 1.8-28 Index]