nlme.nlsList {nlme}R Documentation

NLME fit from nlsList Object


If the random effects names defined in random are a subset of the lmList object coefficient names, initial estimates for the covariance matrix of the random effects are obtained (overwriting any values given in random). formula(fixed) and the data argument in the calling sequence used to obtain fixed are passed as the fixed and data arguments to nlme.formula, together with any other additional arguments in the function call. See the documentation on nlme.formula for a description of that function.


## S3 method for class 'nlsList'
nlme(model, data, fixed, random, groups, start, correlation, weights,
     subset, method, na.action, naPattern, control, verbose)



an object inheriting from class "nlsList", representing a list of nls fits with a common model.


this argument is included for consistency with the generic function. It is ignored in this method function.


this argument is included for consistency with the generic function. It is ignored in this method function.


an optional one-sided linear formula with no conditioning expression, or a pdMat object with a formula attribute. Multiple levels of grouping are not allowed with this method function. Defaults to a formula consisting of the right hand side of formula(fixed).


an optional one-sided formula of the form ~g1 (single level of nesting) or ~g1/.../gQ (multiple levels of nesting), specifying the partitions of the data over which the random effects vary. g1,...,gQ must evaluate to factors in data. The order of nesting, when multiple levels are present, is taken from left to right (i.e. g1 is the first level, g2 the second, etc.).


an optional numeric vector, or list of initial estimates for the fixed effects and random effects. If declared as a numeric vector, it is converted internally to a list with a single component fixed, given by the vector. The fixed component is required, unless the model function inherits from class selfStart, in which case initial values will be derived from a call to nlsList. An optional random component is used to specify initial values for the random effects and should consist of a matrix, or a list of matrices with length equal to the number of grouping levels. Each matrix should have as many rows as the number of groups at the corresponding level and as many columns as the number of random effects in that level.


an optional corStruct object describing the within-group correlation structure. See the documentation of corClasses for a description of the available corStruct classes. Defaults to NULL, corresponding to no within-group correlations.


an optional varFunc object or one-sided formula describing the within-group heteroscedasticity structure. If given as a formula, it is used as the argument to varFixed, corresponding to fixed variance weights. See the documentation on varClasses for a description of the available varFunc classes. Defaults to NULL, corresponding to homoscedastic within-group errors.


an optional expression indicating the subset of the rows of data that should be used in the fit. This can be a logical vector, or a numeric vector indicating which observation numbers are to be included, or a character vector of the row names to be included. All observations are included by default.


a character string. If "REML" the model is fit by maximizing the restricted log-likelihood. If "ML" the log-likelihood is maximized. Defaults to "ML".


a function that indicates what should happen when the data contain NAs. The default action ( causes nlme to print an error message and terminate if there are any incomplete observations.


an expression or formula object, specifying which returned values are to be regarded as missing.


a list of control values for the estimation algorithm to replace the default values returned by the function nlmeControl. Defaults to an empty list.


an optional logical value. If TRUE information on the evolution of the iterative algorithm is printed. Default is FALSE.


an object of class nlme representing the linear mixed-effects model fit. Generic functions such as print, plot and summary have methods to show the results of the fit. See nlmeObject for the components of the fit. The functions resid, coef, fitted, fixed.effects, and random.effects can be used to extract some of its components.


José Pinheiro and Douglas Bates


The computational methods follow on the general framework of Lindstrom, M.J. and Bates, D.M. (1988). The model formulation is described in Laird, N.M. and Ware, J.H. (1982). The variance-covariance parametrizations are described in <Pinheiro, J.C. and Bates., D.M. (1996). The different correlation structures available for the correlation argument are described in Box, G.E.P., Jenkins, G.M., and Reinsel G.C. (1994), Littel, R.C., Milliken, G.A., Stroup, W.W., and Wolfinger, R.D. (1996), and Venables, W.N. and Ripley, B.D. (2002). The use of variance functions for linear and nonlinear mixed effects models is presented in detail in Davidian, M. and Giltinan, D.M. (1995).

Box, G.E.P., Jenkins, G.M., and Reinsel G.C. (1994) "Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control", 3rd Edition, Holden-Day.

Davidian, M. and Giltinan, D.M. (1995) "Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models for Repeated Measurement Data", Chapman and Hall.

Laird, N.M. and Ware, J.H. (1982) "Random-Effects Models for Longitudinal Data", Biometrics, 38, 963-974.

Lindstrom, M.J. and Bates, D.M. (1988) "Newton-Raphson and EM Algorithms for Linear Mixed-Effects Models for Repeated-Measures Data", Journal of the American Statistical Association, 83, 1014-1022.

Littel, R.C., Milliken, G.A., Stroup, W.W., and Wolfinger, R.D. (1996) "SAS Systems for Mixed Models", SAS Institute.

Pinheiro, J.C. and Bates., D.M. (1996) "Unconstrained Parametrizations for Variance-Covariance Matrices", Statistics and Computing, 6, 289-296.

Venables, W.N. and Ripley, B.D. (2002) "Modern Applied Statistics with S", 4th Edition, Springer-Verlag.

See Also

nlme, lmList, nlmeObject


fm1 <- nlsList(SSasymp, data = Loblolly)
fm2 <- nlme(fm1, random = Asym ~ 1)

[Package nlme version 3.1-139 Index]