pdMat {nlme}R Documentation

Positive-Definite Matrix


This function gives an alternative way of constructing an object inheriting from the pdMat class named in pdClass, or from data.class(object) if object inherits from pdMat, and is mostly used internally in other functions. See the documentation on the principal constructor function, generally with the same name as the pdMat class of object.


pdMat(value, form, nam, data, pdClass)



an optional initialization value, which can be any of the following: a pdMat object, a positive-definite matrix, a one-sided linear formula (with variables separated by +), a vector of character strings, or a numeric vector. Defaults to numeric(0), corresponding to an uninitialized object.


an optional one-sided linear formula specifying the row/column names for the matrix represented by object. Because factors may be present in form, the formula needs to be evaluated on a data.frame to resolve the names it defines. This argument is ignored when value is a one-sided formula. Defaults to NULL.


an optional vector of character strings specifying the row/column names for the matrix represented by object. It must have length equal to the dimension of the underlying positive-definite matrix and unreplicated elements. This argument is ignored when value is a vector of character strings. Defaults to NULL.


an optional data frame in which to evaluate the variables named in value and form. It is used to obtain the levels for factors, which affect the dimensions and the row/column names of the underlying matrix. If NULL, no attempt is made to obtain information on factors appearing in the formulas. Defaults to the parent frame from which the function was called.


an optional character string naming the pdMat class to be assigned to the returned object. This argument will only be used when value is not a pdMat object. Defaults to "pdSymm".


a pdMat object representing a positive-definite matrix, inheriting from the class named in pdClass, or from class(object), if object inherits from pdMat.


José Pinheiro and Douglas Bates bates@stat.wisc.edu


Pinheiro, J.C., and Bates, D.M. (2000) "Mixed-Effects Models in S and S-PLUS", Springer.

See Also

pdClasses, pdCompSymm, pdDiag, pdIdent, pdNatural, pdSymm, reStruct, solve.pdMat, summary.pdMat


pd1 <- pdMat(diag(1:4), pdClass = "pdDiag")

[Package nlme version 3.1-139 Index]